Neuroscientists tell Wikinews about empathy and harm aversion observed in lab rats
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Neuroscientists tell Wikinews about empathy and harm aversion observed in lab rats

Thursday, April 30, 2020

In findings published last month in the journal Current Biology, neuroscientists from the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience examined harm aversion in laboratory rats for conspecifics — rats not wanting to hurt other members of the same species — and reported which region of the brain was crucial for it. Wikinews caught up with Dr Christian Keysers and Dr Valeria Gazzola, two of the authors who contributed to the paper.

For the experiment, the rats were put in a container with two levers. The rats were trained to develop a preference for one of the two levers: each delivering one pellet of sucrose. One of the two levers was harder to press.

After developing a preference, the preferred lever was wired to deliver a shock to another rat in a neighbouring compartment, while delivering a single pellet of sucrose. The study showed the actor rat, which pressed the lever tend to switch the lever to avoid shocking the other rat. The rat receiving the shock was called a victim rat.

Aversion of harm to fellow rats was reported to be equal in both male and female rats. If the actor rats were previously exposed to the shocks, their degree of harm aversion for others was heightened, the study revealed.

The investigation reported the rats avoided pressing the preferred lever to shock another rat, even if that lever delivered two sucrose pellets and the no-harm lever delivered only one. However, this was not the case when the rats were given three pellets by the shock lever. Most of the actor rats did not switch when they received three pellets pressing the lever, which also delivered an electric shock. Dr Gazzola called it a “tipping point” and said it was a “cost-benefit” function.

The study also revealed the importance of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) region of the rat’s brain for harm aversion. The scientists tested harm aversion for conspecifics in the rodents after deactivating the ACC using muscimol. Muscimol was injected in the rats belonging to the test group, while saline water was injected to rats in the control group. The observations showed without the active ACC due to muscimol, the active rats in the test group were no longer averse to harming the victim rats, but degree of harm aversion did not drop in the control group rats.

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Technological University Dublin senior lecturer Dr Lorcan Sirr speaks to Wikinews on housing market in Ireland
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Technological University Dublin senior lecturer Dr Lorcan Sirr speaks to Wikinews on housing market in Ireland

Wednesday, July 21, 2021

Wikinews correspondent J.J. Liu spoke with Technological University Dublin (TUD) senior lecturer at the School of Surveying & Construction Management, Dr Lorcan Sirr on Friday regarding the supply of housing in the Republic of Ireland and relevant parallels across the rest of Europe, as well as recent developments by the government and private sector that are causing a rise in rents and home prices in the Irish real estate market.

Dr Sirr is a regular contributor to The Irish Times and has provided commentary to Irish radio station Newstalk, national broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ) and various other publications. In addition to being a chartered planning and development surveyor and assessor to the Society of Chartered Surveyors, Dr Sirr is a Peace Commissioner and former external examiner for the Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, according to his profile on Worky.

Dr Sirr was a lecturer and former head of research for the Faculty of the Built Environment at the Dublin Institute of Technology, which entered a merger with two partner institutes to become TUD January 1, 2019. He received his bachelor’s degree in estate management at the University of Greenwich, United Kingdom, and master’s degree in urban design and PhD in town planning at the University of Manchester. He has a second master’s in literature from KU Leuven, Belgium, and speaks French.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Technological_University_Dublin_senior_lecturer_Dr_Lorcan_Sirr_speaks_to_Wikinews_on_housing_market_in_Ireland&oldid=4630722”

Former Formula 1 designer unveils new electric car
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Former Formula 1 designer unveils new electric car

Monday, November 9, 2009

Former Formula One McLaren designer Gordon Murray has unveiled a new all-electric car.

The car model, which is known as the T.27, is due to be developed over the course of the next 16 months with four prototypes. The process that will be used during the course of the manufacturing of the vehicle is called iStream. The technology iStream had been invented by Gordon Murray in 1999 and means that all the parts are designed using a computer.

The project has approximately received £9,000,000 (US$14,919,000) in investment. The electric car is designed for urban purposes, such as in cities or towns. The weight of the vehicle is just 600 kilograms. It has the ability to travel at speeds of up to 60 miles per hour and can go for a maximum of 100 miles between recharges.

The designer thinks that motorists will some day be travelling in vehicles like this. Murray believes that the new car will be ‘the most efficient electric vehicle on earth’.

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Taking Advantage Of Value Point Distribution

ValuePointDistribution is an online retailer of what we call luxury home products. Based in California, ValuePointDistribution has been servicing both the United States and Canada. These luxury home products pertain but are not limited to hot tubs, swim spas, outdoor patios, outdoor kitchens, fireplaces, wood burning stoves, outdoor TV, and BBQ grills among others. These products, as we know, are quite expensive but ValuePointDistribution sure paved it’s way into giving us the best deals we could ever find.ValuePointDistribution ensures that they offer only the best deals, toughest quality, and the lowest prices of all their products. ValuePointDistribution gives us the lowest price promise, and they would want nothing but for us to take advantage of it.Why would we take advantage of Value Point Distribution?Lowest Prices, Guaranteed. As mentioned above, ValuePointDistribution offers us, customers, the lowest price promise. The question is, how do they do it? I could say that the CEO of this company is a genius. He partnered with the top manufacturers of the products he is selling, so that he can implement the factory direct system. The products that ValuePointDistribution has are all at their bare base prices because of this deal. They are at their factory price, which is almost 50% lower than their actual retail price. Indeed, ValuePointDistribution has made luxury living within reach for everyone.ValuePointDistribution Reviews. The customers are the one who can evaluate a product or a retailer most accurately. They are the ones who have had first hand experience dealing with the retailer and know if their product works well. Read the customer reviews about ValuePointDistribution and see for yourself how much customers love them. Get to know ValuePointDistribution more from their previous and current customers.The TurnAround Time. ValuePointDistribution is known to have one of the fastest turn around time. Come to think of it, many people rely on the internet mostly for instant transactions. People do bank transfers, students can enroll their classes, travellers book their plane tickets and accomodation online, and of course, shopper shop online. ValuePointDistribution offers huge home products, but they didn’t let this get in their way of providing the best service. Through the factory direct system they are using, they are able to cut the total turnaround time much shorter. From the time you process your order until the time you get your product on your doorstep, ValuePointDistribution is definitely there if you need any assistance.Customer SERVICE. When ValuePointDistribution provides service, they mean SERVICE. Their customer service team are well trained representatives that can answer any question about the products they are offering. They aren’t your ususal sales people who will shove into your throat products that you don’t need. They talk to you and see what they can do for you. They give you solutions and it doesn’t necessarily mean they’ll sell something. Their goal is to solve your problem, answer your question, and provide service with a smile. If you have read any or some Value Point Distribution reviews, you’ll notice that a big part of why customers love them so much is because of the warmth and importance they felt in talking to this team.ValuePointDistribution is doing all these to let customers know that they are valued. ValuePointDistribution aims at making all their customers feel the warmth and treatment of a family. Taking advantage has never been this easy, happy, and satisfying. All this, made available to us by ValuePointDistribution.

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Technological University Dublin senior lecturer Dr Lorcan Sirr speaks to Wikinews on housing market in Ireland
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Technological University Dublin senior lecturer Dr Lorcan Sirr speaks to Wikinews on housing market in Ireland

Wednesday, July 21, 2021

Wikinews correspondent J.J. Liu spoke with Technological University Dublin (TUD) senior lecturer at the School of Surveying & Construction Management, Dr Lorcan Sirr on Friday regarding the supply of housing in the Republic of Ireland and relevant parallels across the rest of Europe, as well as recent developments by the government and private sector that are causing a rise in rents and home prices in the Irish real estate market.

Dr Sirr is a regular contributor to The Irish Times and has provided commentary to Irish radio station Newstalk, national broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ) and various other publications. In addition to being a chartered planning and development surveyor and assessor to the Society of Chartered Surveyors, Dr. Sirr is a Peace Commissioner and former external examiner for the Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, according to his profile on Worky.

Dr Sirr was a lecturer and former head of research for the Faculty of the Built Environment at the Dublin Institute of Technology, which entered a merger with two partner institutes to become TUD January 1, 2019. He received his bachelor’s degree in estate management at the University of Greenwich, United Kingdom, and master’s degree in urban design and PhD in town planning at the University of Manchester. He has a second master’s in literature from KU Leuven, Belgium, and speaks French.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Technological_University_Dublin_senior_lecturer_Dr_Lorcan_Sirr_speaks_to_Wikinews_on_housing_market_in_Ireland&oldid=4629416”

Woman killed in house fire in South Yorkshire, England
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Woman killed in house fire in South Yorkshire, England

Monday, January 25, 2010

An elderly woman has died in a house fire in South Yorkshire, England. The woman, who is currently remaining unidentified, was blind and 93-years-old when her bungalow in Sheffield caught fire as a result of an accident in her kitchen yesterday afternoon.

An internal investigation into the fire has suggested that while the woman was cooking, she dropped a towel onto one of the stovetops while attempting to move a pan on the cooker. The towel then set alight. When she attempted to put out the fire, the towel dropped to the side of the cooker, alongside some plastic bags.

A smoke alarm sounded; a nearby resident heard the alarm and went to assist. The neighbour managed to break into the bedroom window of the bungalow in order to be able to get inside the building. The person made it to the hallway but had to double back upon seeing the fire and the smoke. It is believed that the woman was overwhelmed by the fumes given out from the plastic which was burning.

At around 1350 GMT, fire service workers entered the elderly lady’s residence to find her collapsed inside the kitchen. People investigating the incident have come to the conclusion that this particular fire was an accidental one. A spokesperson for the South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service noted: “Neighbours who tried to enter the property were fought back by smoke and flames.”

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Woman_killed_in_house_fire_in_South_Yorkshire,_England&oldid=3359738”

Politically concerned movie Zootopia wins Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film
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Politically concerned movie Zootopia wins Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

On Sunday, Disney’s Zootopia won the Oscars award for the Best Animated Feature Film at the 89th Academy Awards ceremony held at Los Angeles. Pixar’s animated short Piper won the Oscar for Best Animated Short Film and Disney’s The Jungle Book won for Visual Effects.

Others competing with Zootopia in the category were Kubo and the Two Strings, My Life as a Zucchini, The Red Turtle, and Disney’s Moana. This was the first Oscar for directors Byron Howard and Rich Moore who were previously nominated for, respectively, Bolt and Wreck-It Ralph.

In the acceptance speech, director Byron Howard said, “About five years ago, almost six now, […] we got this crazy idea of talking about humanity with talking animals in the hopes that, when the film came out, it would make the world just a slightly better place.” The Disney movie addresses several social problems such as racism, sexism, prejudice, stereotyping, and fear. The New York Times said the parental guidance (PG) rated movie was “Funny, smart, thought-provoking — and musical, too.”

Before announcing the award, Mexican actor Gael Garcia Bernal said, “As a Mexican, as a Latin-American, as a migrant worker, as a human being, I’m against any form of wall that wants to separate us.” The movie was released in March, during the 2016 US presidential race.

In an interview with Variety, the directors of Zootopia said movies about bias and discrimination haven’t been Disney’s main focus, but during its production, “Things were not great in the world. […] It was more like we had our finger on something important right now and we really need to do our best to portray this as honestly as we can. Then with the election and the campaign, the real move towards governing by fear […] I don’t think we could have predicted it any closer with this film.”

With this win, the Walt Disney Company has won nine out of ten Best Animated Feature Film Oscars in the last decade, with Pixar Animation Studio winning six out of them. Zootopia also won Best Animated Film at the Annie Awards and the Golden Globe Awards.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Politically_concerned_movie_Zootopia_wins_Academy_Award_for_Best_Animated_Feature_Film&oldid=4554913”

The Importance Of Water In The Battle To Lose Weight}

The Importance of water in the Battle to Lose Weight

by

yannis mihanos

People with extra weight from all around the world try several diets ,but without the desirable results.They could eat healthy, do some exercise but still cannot manage to get rid of that excess body fat. Few people get to realise how important the water is to the success of their weight loss program.Few people get to realise how important the water is to the success of their weight loss program.

Yes, water is the number one most important thing to address when it comes to losing weight,the human body is 60% made of water.Without adequate water your body cannot function properly, you can go longer without eating than without drinking.Water is a natural suppressant:when you do not drink enough,the signal of thirst can be mistaken for the signal of hunger.By drinking enough,you will make sure not to happen this.Water makes your metabolism burn calories 3% faster:the process of burning calories needs a sufficient supply of water to work efficiently,dehydration slows down the fat burning process,burning calories creates toxins,and water can help to flush them out of your body.Drinking an insufficient amount of water every day is the best treatment for fluid retention also known as water weight. Water weight happens when you don’t drink enough water, your body stores the water it does get; when you first start drinking more water, the weight you lose will be mostly water weight. At the beginning, you’ll make more trips to the bathroom,but nothing is to worry, by day 3 or 4 the number of bathroom visits will go back to normal.Also do not forget that water contains 0 calories,so you feel fuller without calories!But how much water is enough? For an average person i would say minimum two litres a day is enough,but you need to consider also other factors that can increase this intake such as:climate temperature(in the summer, in hot countries or during exercise you sweat more),being overweight(more calories,more toxins to flush out),eating salty foods, diuretic drinks(soda,coffee,tea and alcohol). One easy way to know the right amount to drink is from the color of your urine,if its pale yellow you should be fine,though vitamin supplements and antibiotics can discolor it.There are some useful tricks you might use, to get your needed amount of water every day; one of them is using a water tracker, a device that helps you keep track of our water consumption. Another way to supply the needed amount of water every day is to eat food rich in water. Fresh fruits and vegetables, mostly juicy ones provide fluid for your daily diet and the minimum amount of water. Use a water tracker. Some carry a 64-ounce container of water and drink throughout the day, with the goal of drinking all the water before they go to bed. Others who spend time away from home may take a portable 16-ounce container, knowing that they need to fill and drink it four times throughout the day.

But enough with the talking,just go right now ,and grab a glass of water!!For more free tips about weight loss, and an ideal weight loss solution,visit this website: http://www.youandweightloss.com

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The Importance of water in the Battle to Lose Weight}

Wikinews interviews Sandra Jephcott, Sustainable Australia candidate for 2020 Groom by-election
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Wikinews interviews Sandra Jephcott, Sustainable Australia candidate for 2020 Groom by-election

Friday, November 27, 2020

Voters in the Australian electoral district of Groom are scheduled to go to the polls in a by-election this week following the resignation of Liberal National MP John McVeigh for family reasons.

Groom is located in the state of Queensland, and is centred around the city of Toowoomba. At the last federal election, the Liberal National Party, Queensland’s dominant conservative party, won this seat by over 70% of the two-party-preferred vote, and since the seat’s creation in 1984, it has been held by conservative political parties.

Some political analysts considered this a foregone conclusion, with analyst Kevin Bonham having declared it on his blog as “Australia’s most boring by-election”, however Bonham noted the size of the swing may have been indicative of the dominant centre left Labor Party’s general performance in Queensland. There was a 4.2% swing against the Labor Party in the state of Queensland at the previous federal election.

Wikinews spoke to one of the four candidates running in the by-election, Sandra Jephcott, who is running for the Sustainable Australia party. Sustainable Australia describes itself as a “independent community movement from the political centre”. According to the party’s website, Jephcott is a veterinarian and farmer, who has completed a veterinary degree from the University of Queensland, as well as a Master of Business Affairs at Bond University and a Master of Science at James Cook University. With Wikinews, Jephcott discussed climate change, COVID-19, water security, and foreign ownership.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Wikinews_interviews_Sandra_Jephcott,_Sustainable_Australia_candidate_for_2020_Groom_by-election&oldid=4626421”

5 Tips To Stop The Urge To Gamble When You Have An Addiction To Gambling

By Michelle S. Tee

When you have an urge to gamble and you are suffering from an addiction to gambling sometimes the urge can hit quite hard, and you may not know what to do. There are different things that you can do to stop yourself in your tracks rather than return to gambling and continue that downward spiral into despair.

If you have a gambling addiction or a severe gambling problem, you are most certainly not alone. Gambling problems are pervasive throughout the world as a result of easy access to casinos, online gambling, and other gambling establishments.

Sometimes when the urge to gamble hits, you may have been asked by friends or family to go and gamble because it has become such a popular pastime.

For some gambling is recreational, but when you have an addiction to gambling or serious gambling problem, this addiction can ruin your life, and the lives of your loved ones.

Here are 5 tips to stop the urge to gamble when you have a severe gambling problem and want to stop yourself from returning to gambling.

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1.Call a trusted friend or family member who knows about your problem. Tell them that you are having the urge to go back and gamble and you are really just looking for a little support so that you do not go and place that bet.

2.Find out about your nearest Gamblers Anonymous Meeting, also known as G.A. Attend that meeting, and if none are going on that day, you can easily find an A.A meeting that will provide the support that you need on that given day. Just look for an open meeting and you will be welcomed with open arms. This will put you in an environment of recovery, and you will have less of an urge to gamble.

3.Go shopping or to the bookstore. Browse through the books and get a hot cup of coffee or tea. If you go to the mall, treat yourself to something nice, especially because you made a good decision for yourself by not going out and gambling. When you beat the urge to gamble, rewarding yourself is a good thing, and you will really feel good when you do this.

4.Put on your gym clothes or some walking shoes. Go for a very long walk or run, or visit your local gym and get a good workout. Exercise changes your brain chemistry in a positive way by releasing certain chemicals called endorphins. These brain chemicals alone can stop you from gambling and seeking out that adrenaline high.

5.Make plans with a friend to go for dinner or even just have a cup of coffee together. A lot of times you may be triggered to gamble out of loneliness. You want to make sure that if loneliness is a trigger to gamble, that you get into the company of people so that you do not go out and place that bet.

It is hoped that these 5 tips were helpful to stop you from gambling if you have an addiction to gambling and a strong urge to gamble.

Remember that gambling can destroy your life in many ways, and that returning to gambling can have many negative consequences in your life.

Remember you are worth saving yourself from this dreaded addiction, and that life is truly better when you stop gambling.

About the Author: Michelle S. Tee is a self help coach and author who specializes in addiction to gambling and severe gambling problems.

Source: isnare.com

Permanent Link: isnare.com/?aid=501960&ca=Self+Help

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