Play Cool Racing Games}

Play Cool Racing Games

by

Shane WatsonNowadays, racing games are one of the most popular and interesting games to play on your computer. They are very popular among the Flash enabled online racing games, maybe because of their improving animation quality. For racing cars enthusiasts there are fast driving cars, Formula racing cars, drag racing cars like jeeps and for unique driving experience there are trucks, monster trucks, coaster racer vehicles, tractors, police trucks and dumpers. In the bike segment of top racing games there are cool dirt bikes, stunt bikes, motor bikes and ATV quad bikes. For kids there are many pimp my ride computer games and customized car games which can keep them busy for a long time.The fun racing games are not just for entertainment, they can be a great source for improving driving skill, such as, car parking games where you can learn to park your car and pass all tests to obtain a driver license. Moreover, kids get the opportunity to fine tune their eye-hand coordination and motor movement of the limb. They also get familiar with the road signs which are a necessary requisite of safe driving. That is not all. Car racing games include speed car racing, off road driving and mini rally flash games with 3D graphics.In computer disc games one has to download the game which takes time but on the internet you can play cool racing games instantly with your browser, that too absolutely free. So why spend money when you can play online for free. With such an easy access you can have the joy of setting the street on fire and make the steering wheels screech with every curve and turn. In real life you may have to contend with the authorities breathing down your neck but here you can be in the shoes of stunt masters in the fast and furious games of car racing. Rule the world of online racing games with the most exciting car racing games.If you want something original and explosive you can play racing games on a destruction truck and cause as much damage as you want. No matter how skilled your opponent is you always have the chance to beat him. In the beginning the very young kids can choose simple and easy to maneuver games and as they become used to the keyboard they can progress to higher levels where more skill and control is required.Online games can be played instantly on the computer. All you need is an internet connection. There are many websites who offer a very wide range of games absolutely free, so you longer have to buy CD games for your kids. These websites have incorporated Flash and Java technologies to make the online games absorbing and realistic. Visit a website and see for yourself the vast range that is there to keep you occupied to the computer for hours and hours. They also get familiar with the road signs which are a necessary requisite of safe driving. That is not all. Car racing games include speed car racing, off road driving and mini rally flash games with 3D graphics.No matter how skilled your opponent is you always have the chance to beat him.

If you want to play high quality

YouTube Preview Image

racing games

in Flash, then visit us at play-racing-games-online.com, where you can find out the best

cool racing games

online and much more.

Article Source:

eArticlesOnline.com}

Dubai World to receive $9.5 billion in government aid
">

Dubai World to receive $9.5 billion in government aid

Thursday, March 25, 2010

The government of Dubai announced that it intends to provide $9.5 billion to Dubai World to allow the government-owned investment company to restructure its debt.

The announcement comes as part of Dubai World’s plan to restructure more than $23 billion of debt, including converting nearly $9 billion of debt into equity, after its collapse last fall. The package includes $8 billion of funding to Nakheel, Dubai World’s real estate subsidiary, as well as $1.5 billion to Dubai World as a whole. The restructuring plan also seeks to, within eight years, repay all of Dubai World’s creditors.

According to the government of Dubai, $5.7 billion of the aid was from a former $10 billion loan to Dubai World, with the remainder being internally funded. The plan would transfer ownership of Nakheel, formerly a subsidiary of Dubai World, to the direct control of the Dubai government.

Response to the deal was largely positive, with one analyst saying the move “boosts sentiment because this is a strong commitment.” Christopher Davidson, author of books on Dubai and Abu Dhabi, said that while the new funding would “keep the wolves outside the gates a little longer,” the government could not be the sole funder of Dubai World and Nakheel.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Dubai_World_to_receive_$9.5_billion_in_government_aid&oldid=2715075”

Death sentences in 2008 Chinese tainted milk scandal
">

Death sentences in 2008 Chinese tainted milk scandal

Monday, January 26, 2009

On Thursday, the municipal intermediate people’s court in Shijiazhuang, Hebei province, China pronounced sentences for 21 defendants implicated in the 2008 Chinese milk scandal which killed at least six infants and sickened nearly 300,000 others.

In the local court’s decision, 17 accused were indicted for the crimes of “producing, adding melamine-laced ‘protein powder’ to infant milk or selling tainted, fake and substandard milk to Sanlu Group or 21 other dairy companies, including six who were charged with the crime of endangering public security by dangerous means.” Four other courts in Wuji County, in Hebei, China had also tried cases on the milk scandal.

Zhang Yujun, age 40, of Quzhou County (Hebei), who produced and sold melamine-laced “protein powder” in the milk scandal, was convicted of endangering public security and sentenced to death by the Shijiazhuang intermediate people’s court.

The court also imposed the penalty of death upon Geng Jinping, who added 434 kg of melamine-laced powder to about 900 tons of fresh milk to artificially increase the protein content. He sold the tainted milk to Sanlu and some other dairy companies. His brother Geng Jinzhu was sentenced to eight years imprisonment for assisting in adding the melamine.

A suspended capital punishment sentence, pending a review, with two years probation, was handed down to Gao Junjie. Under the law, a suspended death sentence is equivalent to life imprisonment with good behavior. The court ruled that Gao designed more than 70 tons of melamine-tainted “protein powder” in a Zhengding County underground factory near Shijiazhuang. His wife Xiao Yu who assisted him, was also sentenced to five years imprisonment.

Sanlu Group General Manager Tian Wenhua, 66, a native of Nangang Village in Zhengding County, who was charged under Articles 144 and 150 of the criminal code, was sentenced to life imprisonment for producing and selling fake or substandard products. She was also fined 20 million yuan (US$2.92 million) while Sanlu, which has been declared bankrupt, was fined 49.37 million yuan ($7.3 million).

Tian Wenhua plans to appeal the guilty verdict on grounds of lack of evidence, said her lawyer Liang Zikai on Saturday. Tian testified last month during her trial that she decided not to stop production of the tainted milk products because a Fonterra designated board member handed her a document which states that a maximum of 20 mg of melamine was allowed in every kg of milk in the European Union. Liang opined that Tian should instead be charged with “liability in a major accident,” which is punishable by up to seven years imprisonment, instead of manufacturing and selling fake or substandard products.

According to Zhang Deli, chief procurator of the Hebei Provincial People’s Procuratorate, Chinese police have arrested another 39 people in connection with the scandal. Authorities last year also arrested 12 milk dealers and suppliers who allegedly sold contaminated milk to Sanlu, and six people were charged with selling melamine.

In late December, 17 people involved in producing, selling, buying and adding melamine to raw milk went on trial. Tian Wenhua and three other Sanlu executives appeared in court in Shijiazhuang, charged with producing and selling fake or substandard milk contaminated with melamine. Tian pleaded guilty, and told the court during her 14-hour December 31 trial that she learned about the tainted milk complaints and problems with her company’s BeiBei milk powder from consumer complaints in mid-May.

She then apparently led a working team to handle the case, but her company did not stop producing and selling formula until about September 11. She also did not report to the Shijiazhuang city government until August 2.

The court also sentenced Zhang Yanzhang, 20, to the lesser penalty of life imprisonment. Yanzhang worked with Zhang Yujun, buying and reselling the protein powder. The convicts were deprived of their political rights for life.

Xue Jianzhong, owner of an industrial chemical shop, and Zhang Yanjun were punished with life imprisonment and 15 years jail sentence respectively. The court found them responsible for employment of workers to produce about 200 tons of the tainted infant milk formula, and selling supplies to Sanlu, earning more than one million yuan.

“From October 2007 to August 2008, Zhang Yujun produced 775.6 tons of ‘protein powder’ that contained the toxic chemical of melamine, and sold more than 600 tons of it with a total value of 6.83 million yuan [$998,000]. He sold 230 tons of the “protein powder” to Zhang Yanzhang, who will stay behind bars for the rest of his life under the same charge. Both Zhangs were ‘fully aware of the harm of melamine’ while they produced and sold the chemical, and should be charged for endangering the public security,” the Court ruled.

Geng Jinping, a suspect charged with producing and selling poisonous food in the tainted milk scandal, knelt before the court, begging for victims’ forgiveness

The local court also imposed jail sentences of between five years and 15 years upon three top Sanlu executives. Wang Yuliang and Hang Zhiqi, both former deputy general managers, and Wu Jusheng, a former raw milk department manager, were respectively sentenced to 15 years, eight years and five years imprisonment. In addition, the court directed Wang to pay multi-million dollar fines. In December, Wang Yuliang had appeared at the Shijiazhuang local court in a wheelchair, after what the Chinese state-controlled media said was a failed suicide attempt.

The judgment also states “the infant milk powder was then resold to private milk collectors in Shijiazhuang, Tangsan, Xingtai and Zhangjiakou in Hebei.” Some collectors added it to raw milk to elevate apparent protein levels, and the milk was then resold to Sanlu Group.

“The Chinese government authorities have been paying great attention to food safety and product quality,” Yu Jiang Yu, spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, said. “After the case broke out, the Chinese government strengthened rules and regulations and took a lot of other measures to strengthen regulations and monitor food safety,” she added.

In the People’s Republic of China, the intermediate people’s court is the second lowest local people’s court. Under the Organic Law of the People’s Courts of the People’s Republic of China, it has jurisdiction over important local cases in the first instance and hear appeal cases from the basic people’s court.

The 2008 Chinese milk scandal was a food safety incident in China involving milk and infant formula, and other food materials and components, which had been adulterated with melamine. In November 2008, the Chinese government reported an estimated 300,000 victims have suffered; six infants have died from kidney stones and other acute renal infections, while 860 babies were hospitalized.

Melamine is normally used to make plastics, fertilizer, coatings and laminates, wood adhesives, fabric coatings, ceiling tiles and flame retardants. It was added by the accused to infant milk powder, making it appear to have a higher protein content. In 2004, a watered-down milk resulted in 13 Chinese infant deaths from malnutrition.

The tainted milk scandal hit the headlines on 16 July, after sixteen babies in Gansu Province who had been fed on milk powder produced by Shijiazhuang-based Sanlu Group were diagnosed with kidney stones. Sanlu is 43% owned by New Zealand’s Fonterra. After the initial probe on Sanlu, government authorities confirmed the health problem existed to a lesser degree in products from 21 other companies, including Mengniu, Yili, and Yashili.

From August 2 to September 12 last year Sanlu produced 904 tonnes of melamine-tainted infant milk powder. It sold 813 tonnes of the fake or substandard products, making 47.5 million yuan ($13.25 million). In December, Xinhua reported that the Ministry of Health confirmed 290,000 victims, including 51,900 hospitalized. It further acknowledged reports of “11 suspected deaths from melamine contaminated milk powder from provinces, but officially confirmed 3 deaths.”

Sanlu Group which filed a bankruptcy petition, that was accepted by the Shijiazhuang Intermediate People’s Court last month, and the other 21 dairy companies, have proposed a 1.1 billion yuan ($160 million) compensation plan for court settlement. The court appointed receiver was granted six months to conclude the sale of Sanlu’s assets for distribution to creditors. The 22 dairy companies offered “families whose children died would receive 200,000 yuan ($29,000), while others would receive 30,000 yuan ($4,380) for serious cases of kidney stones and 2,000 yuan ($290) for less severe cases.”

Sanlu stopped production on September 12 amid huge debts estimated at 1.1 billion yuan. On December 19, the company borrowed 902 million yuan for medical and compensation payment to victims of the scandal. On January 16, Sanlu paid compensation of 200,000 yuan (29,247 U.S. dollars) to Yi Yongsheng and Jiao Hongfang, Gangu County villagers, the parents of the first baby who died.

“Children under three years old, who had drunk tainted milk and had disease symptoms could still come to local hospitals for check-ups, and would receive free treatment if diagnosed with stones in the urinary system,” said Mao Qun’an, spokesman of the Ministry of Health on Thursday, adding that “the nationwide screening for sickened children has basically come to an end.”

“As of Thursday, about 90% of families of 262,662 children who were sickened after drinking the melamine-contaminated milk products had signed compensation agreements with involved enterprises and accepted compensation,” the China Dairy Industry Association said Friday, without revealing, however, the amount of damages paid. The Association (CDIA) also created a fund for payment of the medical bills for the sickened babies until they reach the age of 18.

Chinese data shows that those parents who signed the state-backed compensation deal include the families of six children officially confirmed dead, and all but two of 891 made seriously ill, the report said. Families of 23,651 children made ill by melamine tainted milk, however, have not received the compensation offer, because of “wrong or untrue” registration details, said Xinhua.

Several Chinese parents, however, demanded higher levels of damages from the government. Zhao Lianhai announced Friday that he and three other parents were filing a petition to the Ministry of Health. The letter calls for “free medical care and follow-up services for all victims, reimbursement for treatment already paid for, and further research into the long-term health effects of melamine among other demands,” the petition duly signed by some 550 aggrieved parents and Zhao states.

“Children are the future of every family, and moreover, they are the future of this country. As consumers, we have been greatly damaged,” the petition alleged. Chinese investigators also confirmed the presence of melamine in nearly 70 milk products from more than 20 companies, quality control official Li Changjiang admitted.

In addition, a group of Chinese lawyers, led by administrator Lin Zheng, filed Tuesday a $5.2 million lawsuit with the Supreme People’s Court of the People’s Republic of China (under Chief Grand Justice Wang Shengjunin), in Beijing, on behalf of the families of 213 children’s families. The class-action product liability case against 22 dairy companies, include the largest case seeking $73,000 compensation for a dead child.

According to a statement to the Shanghai Stock Exchange Market Friday, China’s Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Company, which has a domestic market share of milk powder at 8 percent, reported a net loss in 2008 because of the milk scandal. A Morgan Stanley report states the expected company’s 2008 loss at 2.3 billion yuan. The scandal also affected Yili’s domestic rivals China Mengniu Dairy Company Limited and the Bright Group. Mengniu suffered an expected net loss of 900 million yuan despite earnings in the first half of 2008, while the Bright Group posted a third quarter loss at 271 million yuan last year.

New Zealand dairy giant Fonterra, said Saturday it accepted the Chinese court’s guilty verdicts but alleged it had no knowledge of the criminal actions taken by those involved. “We accept the court’s findings but Fonterra supports the New Zealand Government’s position on the death penalty. We have been shocked and disturbed by the information that has come to hand as a result of the judicial process,” said Fonterra Chief Executive Andrew Ferrier.

“Fonterra deeply regrets the harm and pain this tragedy has caused so many Chinese families,” he added. “We certainly would never have approved of these actions. I am appalled that the four individuals deliberately released product containing melamine. These actions were never reported to the Sanlu Board and fundamentally go against the ethics and values of Fonterra,” Ferrier noted.

Fonterra, which controls more than 95 percent of New Zealand’s milk supply, is the nation’ biggest multinational business, its second-biggest foreign currency earner and accounts for more than 24 percent of the nation’s exports. Fonterra was legally responsible for informing Chinese health authorities of the tainted milk scandal in August, and by December it had written off its $200 million investment in Sanlu Group.

Amnesty International also strongly voiced its opposition to the imposition of capital punishment by the Chinese local court and raised concerns about New Zealand’s implication in the milk scandal. “The death penalty will not put right the immense suffering caused by these men. The death penalty is the ultimate, cruel and inhumane punishment and New Zealand must take a stand to prevent further abuses of human rights.” AI New Zealand chief executive Patrick Holmes said on Saturday.

“The New Zealand government does not condone the death sentence but we respect their right to take a very serious attitude to what was extremely serious offending,” said John Phillip Key, the 38th and current Prime Minister of New Zealand and leader of the National Party. He criticized Fonterra’s response Monday, saying, “Fonterra did not have control of the vertical production chain, in other words they were making the milk powder not the supply of the milk, so it was a difficult position and they did not know until quite late in the piece. Nevertheless they probably could front more for this sort of thing.”

Keith Locke, current New Zealand MP, and the opposition Green Party foreign affairs spokesman, who was first elected to parliament in 1999 called on the government and Fonterra to respond strongly against the Chinese verdict. “They show the harshness of the regime towards anyone who embarrasses it, whether they are real criminals, whistleblowers or dissenters,” he said. “Many Chinese knew the milk was being contaminated but said nothing for fear of repercussions from those in authority. Fonterra could not get any action from local officials when it first discovered the contamination. There was only movement, some time later, when the matter became public,” he noted.

Green Party explained “it is time Fonterra drops its overly cautious act.” The party, however, stressed the death penalty is not a answer to the problems which created the Chinese milk scandal. “The Green Party is totally opposed to the death penalty. We would like to see the government and, indeed, Fonterra, speaking out and urging the Chinese government to stop the death penalty,” said Green Party MP Sue Kedgley.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Death_sentences_in_2008_Chinese_tainted_milk_scandal&oldid=4520113”

Dealing With Builders Merchants

Dealing with Builders Merchants

by

Searchme4

Builders Merchants offer an enormous range of products for home building and home construction. Whether a major development, self build, or decking and landscaping, builder merchants supply a comprehensive range of building materials to trade professionals, self builders, construction and engineering industries. They offer virtually every product needed for building a house such as bricks and blocks, bathroom, kitchen, timber, tools and hardware, tiling, plumbing, decorating, flooring, electrical, tiling and landscaping. They have expertise in product knowledge and provide advice and estimating services that are essential for completing a project.

When dealing with builders merchants it is important to get an accurate cost of construction work and materials, and to have an executable plan. Some home construction projects are abandoned half way though due to over spending, following a plan and staying within the budget is vital to avoid any financial loss or project delay. Another important factor to consider when dealing with builders merchants is getting the right brick match, some companies offer online product shopping and deliver products to customers that might result in a mismatch of brick size, shape or texture.

YouTube Preview Image

Builder Depot, a leading UK timber & builder merchant company listed on SearchMe4 business directory, provide a wide range of products with special rates on all its products. Their depot deals are one to watch out for since they offer fantastic prices on certain products. They have the largest range of timber and building products in stock with over 25000 in-stock products, and they are the largest timber site in London.

EH Smith builders & timber merchants listed on SerchMe4 business directory is a leading UK company that offers a wide range of products and specialist services such as brick matching, plan takeoff, timber milling, landscape design, advanced custom design, specialist fa ade, and a renowned delivery service. They also have online shopping facilities for customers who prefer shopping online at their own convenience. SerchMe4 business directory provides a list of builder merchants to select from for trade professionals, new home builders, new home construction, residential home builders, and luxury home builders.

For more information on Builders Merchants, visit our UK business directory

Tags:

Builders Merchants

,

Builder Depot

,

UK business directory

Article Source:

ArticleRich.com

Spanish town council electee proposes nudist pool, marijuana field in park
">

Spanish town council electee proposes nudist pool, marijuana field in park

Friday, June 1, 2007

A former mailman who proposed to paint the town hall pink, turn the local town square into a nudist pool, and to plant a marijuana field in the local park has been elected to the Reus, Spain town council.

Ariel Santamaria promised to show up to the town’s council meetings dressed up as Elvis Presley if he was elected and kept his word at the town’s first meeting on Thursday.

Before being elected, Santamaria who is a member of the Reus Independent Coordination, had also promised the town’s 100,000 residents that he would install a GPS system at the police department that would allow officers to track people who are smoking marijuana and provide them with a light if they need one.

An unnamed media consultant who works for Santamaria set up a website for his campaign and followed Santamaria wherever he went, dressed as a pirate.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Spanish_town_council_electee_proposes_nudist_pool,_marijuana_field_in_park&oldid=2514291”

How To Protect High Value Items And Valuable Documents When You Moving

By G Kharchenko

To guard against theft or loss, it is advisable not to load the following types of high-value items on a moving van, especially if your inventory will be placed in a storage facility for any length of time. Many of these items have a high resale value in the black market and are small enough to unknowingly slip into the wrong hands. Your valuable documents could even pose a threat to your identity if stolen. If at all possible, hand-carry these items lo their final destination. Alternatively, you can ship them by certified mail or UPS, but keep the receipt in your purse or briefcase for safekeeping.

If you do decide to place high-value items in the moving van, make sure that the appraisal documents are in your possession (and not loaded onto the moving van) and thai the items are accurately documented on the high-value items list. Review this list with the driver before you sign it and the final bill of lading.

High-value items include:

YouTube Preview Image

-Cash and coin collections

-Rare documents -Stamp collections -Irreplaceable collector’s memorabilia -Precious stones (not in settings) -Valuable jewelry (not costume jewelry) -Valuable documents: your will or living trust; insurance policies; birth, marriage, and death certificates; religious certificates; appraisal documents; and securities (stock certificates, bonds, etc.)

High-value inventory is different from high-value items because it includes objects that are bulky, are often heavy, and may require crating services or special packing techniques to ensure their safety. High-value inventory will need to be transported in the moving van. However, it must be properly identified and documented before it is loaded. Your moving coordinator will help you to identify high-value inventory when you complete your initial moving estimate.

High-value inventory includes any item in excess of $100 per pound per article. These high-value objects must be properly identified on the mover’s high-value inventory checklist. You will need to fill in a description and the appraised value of the inventory on this checklist. If these objects have not been recently appraised, have them appraised before you move to make sure that the amount you put down is substantiated. (I any of these objects are damaged or loss in transit, you must provide a copy of the appraisal documents to the moving company to justify your claim. A photo of the item would also assist with the settlement of the claim.

High-value inventory may include:

-Antiques

-Fine art -China sets -Oriental rugs -Museum-quality pieces -Rare books -Crystal -Silverware -Figurines -Silver service sets -Furs and fur coats

Moving valuable items can be very frustrating because you are always worrying if your extremely expensive belongings will make it your new home safely. It is very important to consider all of the aspects mentioned in this article because it comes from someone who experienced many relocations. On top of all the problems associated with moving, it will be devastating for you to learn that your favorite China set is broken in to pieces or your several thousand dollar fur jacket got ripped while moving.

About the Author: Georgiy Kharchenko – FreePackingMoving.com, local and out of state, interstate – moving: VA Moving, DC Moving, Maryland Moving, Alexandria Movers, Arlington Movers, Reston Movers, Fairfax Movers – call 1-800-610-5358 for Free Moving Quote

Source: isnare.com

Permanent Link: isnare.com/?aid=571649&ca=Real+Estate

Calls for corporate tax reform in Australia goes unheeded
">

Calls for corporate tax reform in Australia goes unheeded

Friday, May 12, 2006

Peter Costello’s budget announcement has led to rejoicing for small businesses, but the lack of joy for those pushing for radical corporate taxation reform has led to many businesses asking “what about us?”

Personal taxation and small business have been the big winners after this year’s federal budget. Although dampened by the twin economic threats of rising interest rates and petrol prices, there should be a reasonable amount of real income savings for both low and high income earners, with those receiving Medicare, or a superannuation benefit, privy to an even lower level of taxation (0% for those on super benefits).

Small business also has benefited from the Howard government’s 11th annual budget, with them receiving a higher level of reducing depreciation, leading to a higher level of deductions in the years following the uptake of new technology or other capital. They are also privy to a AU$435 million dollar tax cut to compensate for their changing accounting requirements under the government’s new AIFRS reporting standards, as well as increasing the uptake of both the small business tax relief scheme and CGT (Capital Gains tax) Concessions.

The budget was not a complete loss for big business however, as superannuation laws have been tweaked to streamline contribution and payment rules previously impeding those with multitudes of staff.

But this is not enough, says Big 4 accounting firm Ernst & Young. In their newly published paper “Taxation of Investment in Australia: the need for ongoing reform”. In it they lead the charge for a greater streamlining and organization of the corporate tax system in Australia, submitting that it will lead to reductions in “disincentives to work save and invest in Australia [as well as improving] the international competitiveness of Australian businesses.” This follows from a recent report brought out by Mr. Costello himself about the need for tax reform in Australia.

A budget night Mr. Costello was notably coy about any future reform of corporate tax in Australia. He alluded to the report by his ministers but kept from outlining the government’s plan precisely.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Calls_for_corporate_tax_reform_in_Australia_goes_unheeded&oldid=565549”

Tobacco attracts predators with chemicals in response to caterpillars, a study finds
">

Tobacco attracts predators with chemicals in response to caterpillars, a study finds

Monday, August 30, 2010

Ian Baldwin, of the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, and colleagues have discovered a multi-step protective mechanism of tobacco plants against Manduca sexta caterpillars. In response to a chemical in the caterpillars’ larvae, the plants release an odorous substance into air to attract another species of insects, called “big-eyed bugs” (Geocoris). These carnivores come to the scene and attack the caterpillars. The response is triggered within 24 hours, which is a relatively short period of time. The discovery occurred as a result of field studies in a nature preserve in southwestern Utah.

The phenomenon starts with the recognition of the caterpillars by the plant. As a PhD student in the Department of Molecular Ecology Silke Allmann explained, “The plant cannot see its attacker, but plants can sense the digestive substances that attacking larvae have in their oral secretions when these substances come into contact with the leaves.” To test that, the scientists coated some of caterpillars’ eggs on two groups of tobacco plants and glued them. On one of the groups, the glue was mixed with caterpillars’ split. The latter got more attention of the attackers, getting 25% of eggs destroyed against 8% for the other group.

Allmann supposed that “The simplest assumption is that the larval oral secretions contain a special enzyme, probably an isomerase, which rearranges the Z:E ratio of the aldehyde in favor of (E)-2-hexenal.” The researchers heated the oral secretion to destroy the enzyme, and applied it to wounded leaves. No plant response related to the studied process was observed, confirming the hypothesis.

(E)-2-hexenal is a strong antibiotic agent. The food consumed by a caterpillar typically includes hundreds of microorganisms together with leaf tissue, which are mostly unneeded and killed by the above-mentioned substance quickly. Because of this important role of this substance, the caterpillars can’t change their metabolism easily enough to prevent the subsequent events from happening.

To find out what happens after a caterpillar’s presence is noted by the plant, Silke Allmann, a graduate student in Baldwin’s group, examined the green leafy volatiles (GLVs), the substances responsible for the smell of fresh-cut plant parts. These substances are released into air if a plant is damaged. As the study released, the tobacco plant GLVs typically have a major share of Z isomers with very small amount of E isomers present. But the shares are distributed equally during a caterpillar attack. In a study with varying amount of different isomers present, E isomers turned out to be the ones attracting the predators to come to the scene and to attack the caterpillars.

What is surprising, Silke Allmann found that the caterpillars are the direct stimulus of this change: caterpillar saliva converts the Z-isomers of the GLV molecules to E-isomers. Prof. Ian Baldwin commented, “That’s where it got really weird. Why would a caterpillar do this to itself?” He suggested that the E-GLVs could have anti-biotic effect in the caterpillar’s digestive system.

The speed of the triggered reaction is relatively fast, it taking about one hour for the GLV isomers ratio change, and about 24 hours for the predators to be attracted by the substance released into the air. As Prof. Ian Baldwin, who was leading the research, said, “Other indirect defense mechanisms of plants require the activation of new metabolic pathways for the release of odorant signals, and these responses are much slower.”

The multi-step intricate approach involved is attracting the attention of scientists, who are looking forward to its application in agriculture. Baldwin noted that “in effect, the caterpillar calls the police on itself”, and suggested to genetically modify crops to release similar signals to defend themselves against pests.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Tobacco_attracts_predators_with_chemicals_in_response_to_caterpillars,_a_study_finds&oldid=2318499”

Natural Cure For Kidney Disease

Submitted by: Brainme Osborn

basil, thyme, mint, garlic, and pepper), opening up a entire new earth of flavors for your palate.

In addition to holding your sodium consumption in test, potassium must be monitored also.? This can be trickier, due to the fact its quantities are typically not outlined on the packages of meals.? Meals with the greatest quantities of potassium are dried food items, this sort of as fruits and beans, all of the winter squash-form vegetables, potatoes, avocados, and fruits like as oranges, apricots, and peaches.? Safe and sound meals, with low amounts of potassium, which really should be generously incorporated in your diet, involve apples, grapes, cucumbers, cranberries, asparagus, berries, and cauliflower.? Also to notice:? if you are hoping to limit your sodium consumption, as you ought to be, remain away from salt-substitutes, as they commonly include substantial amounts of potassium.

Taking into consideration that the kidneys need to offer with proteins, compromised kidneys must be presented significantly less protein to practice to conserve their strength.? You would be shocked at how substantially protein the typical individual consumes every day – most men and women have considerably more substantial protein intakes than their physique demands, leaving a big, pointless workload for the kidneys.? Protein should really come in the kind of egg whites, moderate portions of beans, and tiny quantities of unprocessed, ideally natural and organic lean meats, and fresh fish.? Meat ought to be restricted nevertheless, due to its high saturated weight content.

YouTube Preview Image

Taking handle of your eating habits is a person of the most essential issues that you can do to boost your kidney well being and avert any long run hurt.? A diet regime consisting of fresh, unprocessed, all-natural meals combined with pure water and quite possibly kidney strengthening herbal teas (these kinds of as nettle leaf tea) is one of the smartest and best ways to give your kidneys the most effective likelihood doable for restoring their (and your!) very well-becoming.

Lots of types of chronic kidney failure are the end consequence of infections or toxins damaging the kidneys. Nevertheless, the normal kind of continual kidney failure is the outcome of getting older. Continual kidney condition can be handled with a horsetail and yellow deadnettle tisane. This will help older cats with a sluggish liver. For acute kidney condition because of to bacterial, viral infection use a horsetail, marigold, stinging nettle and cleavers tisane. This recipe will also advantage cats with kidney failure because of to significant injury or important medical procedures.

There was a time when the principal treatment for state-of-the-art kidney failure was kidney dialysis, which — although helpful — needs typical repetition and is hugely inconvenient.

So it is interesting to see there have been some very promising reports by major kidney sickness researchers, who have published content articles in hugely regarded, peer-reviewed health care journals about their accomplishment in reversing kidney condition by applying a specially created kidney diet.

Additional not too long ago, latest exploration by Dr Charles Mobs, PhD, at the Mount Sinai School of Medication, observed a eating plan with fairly significant levels of fat, but limited carbohydrates and with only reasonable consumption of protein can in fact reverse kidney failure in as little as two months. In simple fact it has been found that just four weeks on the eating habits may possibly be sufficient to reverse the slide down to kidney failure.

About the Author: Launched in 2010, Heal Your

Kidneys.com

is the complete online resource to reverse kidney disease, and eliminate kidney stones. Get on a path to good health and heal your kidney problem at

HealYourKidneys.com

.

Source:

isnare.com

Permanent Link:

isnare.com/?aid=863946&ca=Medicines+and+Remedies

Mubarak summoned by Egyptian prosecutors to face allegations of killings and corruption
">

Mubarak summoned by Egyptian prosecutors to face allegations of killings and corruption

Sunday, April 10, 2011

Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian president ousted in February after massive demonstrations, has been summoned by officials in the country to face questions about corruption within his administration and allegations he ordered his forces to kill activists protesting against him.

The news came hours after Mubarak announced he would cooperate with the investigation into corruption within his regime, and said he would robustly defend himself against what he termed an “unjust” campaign of “distortions, lies and incitement” against him. He made the comments in his first appearance since he was ousted from office.

His two sons have also been summoned by Egyptian prosecutors to answer to allegations of embezzlement of public funds during Mubarak’s rule. This afternoon, the former prime minister of Egypt, Ahmed Nazif, was taken into custody for 15 days as part of the corruption investigation, the Egyptian public prosecutor said in a statement.

Mubarak said he would not be returning to politics and he had left office in “the interest of the country”. He said he would write to Egyptian officials to say he would cooperate with their investigation, and added the inquest would find his assets were “far from any allegations of corruption,” following which he would “legally pursue those who engaged in lies and distortions against me.”

I have been in great pain because of the unjust campaigns and untrue allegations targeting myself and my family.

In an audio message which aired today on Al-Arabiya, Mubarak said he would not “stay silent regarding the incitement campaign against me.” He said: “I have been in great pain because of the unjust campaigns and untrue allegations targeting myself and my family. They aim to tarnish my reputation and discredit my integrity, my stance, my political and military history during which I worked hard for Egypt and its people in peace and war.”

On Friday, dozens were injured and at least one person killed as the Egyptian army moved into Tahrir Square in Cairo to clear protesters calling for Mubarak to stand trial for corruption. The army has denied using live ammunition, but several people suffered gunshot wounds.

Three people within Mubarak’s administration have been charged with corruption by Egyptian authorities in the wake of Mubarak stepping down from his position as president two months ago after widespread protests in Egypt. Officials have denied reports he is unwell, and he is thought to be residing at his home in Sharm el-Sheikh, on the coast of the Red Sea. He has been barred from leaving the country.

Retrieved from “https://en.wikinews.org/w/index.php?title=Mubarak_summoned_by_Egyptian_prosecutors_to_face_allegations_of_killings_and_corruption&oldid=3101401”

« Previous Entries